Being driven by the IT, the world is taking a shift from the paper formats to e-formats. Like how we used to read newspapers in the past, we read e-newspapers and e-magazines nowadays. Ever wonder how the electronic newspapers reach us? Not only that, every web page that we view has the concept of web hosting behind it. This web hosting beginners guide is going to explain you the in and outs of the concept. It also tells you how a website is powered by web hosting and how it works in particular.
What is Web Hosting?
It is the concept of making your web pages goes live on the Internet and the servers that stores the actual data are called as the web servers. It is not always required to own our web servers as there exist so many web hosting providers who lease space on their data servers. So, a web hosting can be better compared to residing in a place. The type of web hosting is decided by whether you own the server or not. Read here to know the Best Web Hosting Services 2017.
Types of Web Hosting
The web hosting can vary based on the parameters such as speed, reliability, technical requirements, control over the server and the storage capacity. The four types of web hosting are as below.
Shared Web Hosting:
Here, the number of persons shares the common server to host their website on the Internet. So, the same CPU and RAM are used by many users who had hosted through the web server. People go for this type of web hosting as it is quite economical and anybody could host their website without the need to know much technical. But on the other hand, we need to bear with the security issues here as more people use the same resource pool. This web hosting beginners guide reveals that it is not suitable for websites that handle much traffic. Read here to know What Shared Web Hosting is All About?
Virtual Private Server (VPS) Hosting:
In this type of hosting, each user is allocated with a virtual server space and they would feel that have their own servers. But actually the same server is being shared by many users but still; each user could have exclusive controls over their server space. But through this web hosting beginners guide, it is really required to specify that the associated cost is slightly higher here. Also, it is not suitable for websites with huge traffic.
Dedicated Server Hosting:
The Web Hosting Beginners guide picks the dedicated server hosting as the best-suited one for the websites that handle more traffic. As only a single website is hosting on a server, the associated cost is also much higher! The security of your content is really superb and you need good technical skills to handle such dedicated servers.
In this type of hosting, a group of servers altogether hosts many websites. This concept helps websites with higher traffic to live on the Internet without any hassles. The group of servers here is often referred to as a ‘Cloud’ and so is the name, Cloud Hosting. But from this web hosting beginners guide, we would like to point out the fact that it is costlier and only a few such servers offer the necessary control over the server.
Decide on the Type of Web Hosting before you Host
From this Web hosting beginners guide, you now could have come to known about the different types of web hosting servers. Now it’s time to decide on the right kind of web hosting for your website. Based on the factors such as the level of security, cost, technical skill requirements, the performance of the server, the control that the server offers to its users, etc you could choose your type of server.
Also, you should inquire about the server uptime before you choose it. As it is one of the important features that make your web pages available on the Internet all the time.
Physical Location of the Server:
The physically nearer servers are said to offer faster connections naturally. So if your users are physically located in a particular location, then it is better to choose the server near that location.
A few server providers offer set-up assistance with no extra payments. From this web hosting beginners guide, we would like to tell that it is better to go to such providers.
Subscription option and Payment:
The server providers charge their own fee for the different kinds of services that they offer. Few of them even offer free trials and you could even try that as well. But is very rare unless they are new to the market and otherwise, through this web hosting beginners guide we advise you to pick the perfect payment structures for you. The renewal options may also vary as monthly, quarterly, half-yearly, and yearly. So, based on your feasibility just choose the right one!
If initially, you had started your plan as a dedicated one, and if you wish for an upgrade to other plans such as a Virtual Private Server or Cloud, then the service provider should have such an option as well. This we call it as scalability and just check for it before you choose a service provider.
What is Domain Name, Sub-Domain Name, and its Extensions?
A domain name is just like an address to your physical home and it is the address for your website that resides on the Internet. So, before you launch your website, you must get a domain name. It is just a group of characters and it can include numbers as well. A domain name could have a sub-domain name as well. Just look at the example below for a better understanding of the domain name and sub-domain name.
Website Address: www.google.com
Here, the ‘google’ is the domain name and it has no sub-domain name with it.
Website Address: www.mail.google.com
Here, the ‘mail’ is the sub-domain name and the ‘google’ is the domain name. The ‘.com’ is referred as the extension of the web address and it reveals the type of website it is. For example, the ‘org’ says that it is an organization, the ‘edu’ say that it is educational, etc. Also, there are extensions that tell us the country of the website. For example, the ‘uk’ tell us that it is a website of the United Kingdom and so on.
The WhoIS Data and the Domain Privacy
Once you get a domain name to launch your website, it is important to register the WhoIS data. This data contains information such as the website owner’s name, mailing address, contact details and the expiry details of the registration as well. But this data could be easily tracked by anyone with a simple search on the Internet. Also, the same could also be used for marketing purposes to promote their services to you. Therefore, this web hosting beginners guide, we alert you to secure your details as private. This could possibly protect you from hackers, online threats, etc. Click here to Know the ICANN WHOIS of any website.
How to get your Domain Name?
There are lots of domain name providers and you could buy your domain name for a specified cost. Also, they would check the availability of such a domain name that you had requested as the domain names should be unique for every website. And this uniqueness is as per the rules of the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN). There are lots of domain name providers such as GoDaddy, Name Cheap, Hover, Gandi, 123 Reg, Network Solutions, etc. So through this web hosting beginners guide, we suggest you go ahead with any one of them as you wish. Here is the list of steps that you should do get your domain on the Internet. Read here to know More News about the Domain Names.
Step-1: Decide on the name for your website.
Step-2: Look whether the domain name is available through any of the domain name providers. In this web hosting beginners guide, we have also listed a few above. Either you could use any of those providers or just go ahead with your own research and find the appropriate provider.
Step-3: If the domain name is not yet registered by anyone, then you could order it. Otherwise, make slight variations in the domain name that you have tried earlier. Appending a number or character would work most of the times. Through this web hosting beginners guide, we suggest you try various combinations of the same string that you have used as well.
Step-4: Now you are ready with your domain name and it’s time to lock it by paying the fee. The registration fees usually range between $10 and $35.
Step-5: You have your domain name now and you could move on creating your website and could launch them through web servers.
Create your Websites
If you are well aware of the website development languages such an HTML, Java, etc and the database concepts, then you could create your website by yourself from the scratch. Otherwise, through this web hosting beginners guide, we advise you to go ahead with the simple Content Management Systems (CMS) for easier creations. Let us discuss both of them in detail now.
Create by Yourself from the Scratch:
Here, the Hyper Text Markup language (HTML) could be used to create the web pages. The Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) brings elegance to your web pages with stylish fonts and with appropriate decorations. At this point of time, your web page could just display some information to the viewers. In order to make it user-interactive, you need scripting languages such as Java Script, jQuery, etc. On the server side, you might require languages such as Python, PHP, Ruby, etc to make the web pages dynamic ones. Next, you require a Database Management System (DBMS) to store, manipulate and to retrieve the stored data. Once all these have been set up, you need File Transfer Protocol (FTP) to upload the files to the server. Read here to know the Top 10 Programming Languages for Web development.
In this web hosting beginners guide, we are listing the actual website creation process step-by-step and it comes just below.
Step-1: Set up the IDE
The Integrated Development Environment (IDE) is a place where you find the text editor to write your code, build automation to compile it, and a debugger to debug the errors. Some of the commonly used IDE are Atom, Sublime Text, etc. They both support CSS, HTML, PHP, Python, etc.
Step-2: Design the Website
This is the planning step and it actually decides how your final website would look like. You could even use Adobe Photoshop to draw the design and the elements on each web page.
Step-3: Code it and make it Dynamic
Step-4: Upload the Files
This job could be better done by an FTP client and some of them are WinSCP, FileZilla, Cyberduck, etc. This could help you upload the locally present files to your root directory of the server. And you are done!
Create your website with CMS
If you really do not have much idea about such web developments, then through this web hosting beginners guide to advise you to go for the Content Management Systems (CMS). The most popular of them are the WordPress, Drupal, and Joomla. They require very lesser technical knowledge or even no such in-depth knowledge requirement at all. They simply use drag and drops to create your web pages and you could get it done in just a few minutes. Read here to know the 30 Best WordPress Technology Themes 2017.
Conclusion-Web Hosting Beginners Guide- What is Web Hosting and How it Works?
Creating your own website and launching on the web is just made simpler with this web hosting beginners guide. Reach your audience by posting your thoughts in the form of blogs, etc. Either scratch it from the beginner or use the CMS to design your web pages and both the ways are meaningful as per your requirements!