The Windows is one of the most widely used operating systems around the world and others would go for the Mac if they really like a more sophisticated one. But only a few have an idea of the Linux and others are not either aware of it or they do not know the fact that it is an Open source! Before the Linux vs Windows, we should know a difference in them. The basic point that segregates both the operating systems is the type of source code i.e. open or closed source code. For those who do not have much idea about what an Open Source means, here is just a glimpse. Here you would find the Linux Guide for Beginners.
What is an Open Source?
An Open Source code is licensed under the GPL i.e. the General Public License and the source code could be utilized by anyone. They could even alter the source code as per their needs. If you wish, you could also use a number of plug-ins that aids us with different functionalities. Most people think that the Open source codes could be used only by experts and it is not for a common man. It is not always true as the Open source serves to be an excellent platform even to be deployed by a layman. The availability of supporting documents and instructional manuals actually makes it happen with ease. The Linux is an Open Source operating system and it was developed on the basis of the UNIX. Let us now move on to the topic Linux vs Windows.
The Windows OS saves files in three main drives such as the ‘C:’, ‘D:’, and ‘E:’. We always have the option to change the names of the drives with different alphabet notions. In the case of Linux, it follows the same file representation as that of UNIX. It starts with the root directory and is always represented with a ‘/’. Then it branches into sub directories as in a tree structure. It can be graphically represented as below.
In this Linux vs Windows article, we could say that the representations also play a major role when it comes access permissions. That we would discuss later in this article.
How the Files are saved
In Windows, we have files to save text, image, audio, or program. In a similar manner Linux stores all information in the form of files. The file could be in either ASCII or Binary format. We have come across the folders, devices such as printers, hard drive, CD-ROM, etc in Windows whereas those are just saved as files in Linux. For example, it stores the devices as device files, folders as directory files and subdirectory files. The users are assigned with different permissions such as Read, Edit, and Run for each file in the Linux. In the case of Windows as well, we have such permission levels and are noted as access permissions.
File Naming Convention
The Windows OS is not concerned about the case while naming the files. For example, you could not save two files with the same name though it differs in case. You could try this out in Windows. Just save a file inside a folder with a name ‘report’ and try then try saving a file inside the same folder with the name ‘REPORT’. You would be displayed with an error message that “This file already exists”. You could notice it in the below image.
But such types of names could be used in Linux as it is not case sensitive with respect to the file names. You could it look at it in the below image that folders ‘sample’ and “SAMPLE” exist in the same directory.
The OS Versions or Distributions
Windows generally releases its new versions as updates. For example, we have Windows 7, 8 or Windows XP, etc. We could easily track the fact that the one is with more features than the previous one. Also, the successors maintain the backward compatibility and it means that the features in Windows 7 are all present in Windows 8 as well. But when it comes to Linux, we do not have such versions but we have Distributions. The Distributions are also known as Distros, need not contain the features of one in the another. So it is really difficult to pick the Linux distribution such as the RedHat, Debian, etc. You should know about the available functionalities and your requirements before you choose a Linux Distro.
Through this Linux vs Windows article, you should know one interesting fact about the Linux Distros that they are absolutely freely available. So you could just try out any of the Linux distros and could finally stick to a particular one. To start with, you could start with the widespread ones such as the Ubuntu, Debian, Fedora, or Mint. Once you start with such distros, you could do a comparison – Linux vs Windows, even by yourselves. Read here to know The Best Linux Distros 2017.
The Installation Process
We are much aware of the Windows installation that we need the installation CD and the associated product key. The product key ensures that the Windows version is a genuine one. Also, you probably need to supply fewer inputs during the installation process. In this Linux vs Windows article, we would like to point out the efforts required for the installation as well. Using Linux needs a lot of effort to set it up and configuration.
However, there is a good advantage here that you could do a Live Booting. That means that you could even do the installation from a USB or from a DVD, which means you have not yet installed the Linux OS on your computer. This is a great way to test a Linux distro and later you could decide whether to install it or move ahead with other distros. Such a live boot option is not possible with any the Windows platforms. There is also one thing that we must discuss in this Linux vs Windows article. The Windows operating systems take a considerable time to complete the installation process whereas you do not need that much time during the installation of a Linux distro. By this way, it aids us to check out different distros as well. Read here to know the Top 5 Best Alternative Linux Distributions for Windows 10 Users.
Application or Software Compatibility
We all know as a Window user all the procedures to install and use an app on Windows. It is obvious that every successor version of the Windows is compatible with the predecessors. Therefore, without losing any of the features we could move ahead with the next version of the Windows OS. However, we should keep in mind that Linux is an open source OS and it is for distribution, so we must not expect such compatibility.
Each distro comes with its own features and while we go for a swift we should check for the availability of our required features by ourselves. Here there is no guarantee that your chosen distro has the feature and you should go with the distro that provides you with the essentials. So when we consider Linux vs Windows, compatibility wise, the Windows operating system is doing a great job than the Linux.
As Linux is Open Source software, there is no cost associated with it in its usage or installation. But the Windows cost you around $119 to $199.99 based on the Windows version you use.
Development, Distribution, and Licensing
The Windows is proprietary software developed and distributed by the Microsoft Corporation. Without proper product, it is illegal to use their product. Contrary to that, there is no such issue associated with the Linux as it comes under the GNU General Public License. It is freely available to the users and you could even modify it as per your requirements.
Default User Interface
The user interface of the Linux varies from one distro to the other. But it has got the common term as Gnome or KDE. The Window uses a graphical interface, the Windows Aero. Here we always land on the desktop after the boot process.
Which is more Secure?
In Windows machines, you can get the access permissions on a user basis. On the other hand, in Linux access is same as Windows, but not all users can get the access to its root directory. But Windows easily allows all users to access every content present in the machine unless the owner puts some special security restrictions. From this Linux vs Windows article, we could say that this is an easier gap for the malware to enter and to spread across the network. However, when it comes to Linux, it has a limited access mechanism. Which means even if a machine gets any malware or virus attack, it could not traverse the network. So we could spare the other machines of the network easily! We could say that damage control is comparatively tougher in Windows whereas it is simpler in Linux.
Most noteworthy, the number of Windows machines around the world is really huge when compared to that of the Linux machines. Obviously, malware is also a big threat to such widely distributed systems globally. When we consider in this point of view and Linux vs Windows, the Linux is more secure than the Windows. But this does not mean that there is no malware targeting the Linux distros, we do have that as well. This is just a generic comparison based on our assumption. Read here to know How to Monitor Your Linux and Windows Servers with CloudStats.
The Windows is more user-friendly than Linux and it is a truth. When you think of Linux vs Windows with respect to this factor, Linux is also easier to understand when you practice it. It takes a little time to learn about the distros and its usefulness. O
Quick & Brief Comparison Between Linux vs Windows
Conclusion-Linux vs Windows: Which Operating System is Better?
Consequently, after a detailed article on Linux vs Windows here is our verdict. Linux is an open source OS, and though it seems to be an advantageous one, we need to dig the details of different distros in order to find the right one. The option of live booting is a great choice for those wish to try out the various distros of Linux. At the same time, it is really difficult to manage it in larger organizations unless it has IT-experts. Also read here to know about the Performance differences between Windows and Linux-based databases. Windows are more user-friendly but lack security so, undoubtedly we can say why people prefer Windows upon Linux around the world.